Heidegger, Plato’s cave allegory and cinema (part two)
The really interesting part if when directors choose to reverse the cave allegory. Such as in Groundhog Day (1993) starring Bill Murray, where a man is faced with having to relive the same day over and over again, until he learns to love. The fact that we (the audience) and Murray has already been presented with reality and are now trapped within this nightmarish time loop, is in a way a reversal of the cave allegory; Murray is the only person realizing that everyone else around him is in shackles, and what they think is real life is in fact just an illusion.
Clip montage from Groundhog Day, 1993, Harold Ramis
In the movie Synecdoche New York, the leading character played by Phillip Seymour Hofmann, is recreating a whole city within a city, a surreal post modern story, Kaufmann is asking questions about value, meaning, fiction vs. reality and human relations
Final scene from Synecdoche New York, 2008, directed by Charlie Kaufman
Clip from Holy Motors by Leos Carax, 2012